Cersei is shocked, and tells her brother that the Martells loathe them. Tyrion concurs, but says that this is exactly why they need to seduce the Martells back into allegiance, by offering them a royal marriage alliance. Some weeks later, Tyrion, Cersei, and Joffrey see Myrcella off from the docks at King's Landing for the first stage of her journey to Dorne. Prince Oberyn Martell , along with a retinue of Dornish lords and knights, arrives in King's Landing to attend the royal wedding in the place of his brother, Prince Doran Martell. Oberyn is joined by his paramour, Ellaria Sand.
Oberyn explains the bad blood between the Lannisters and Martells. His sister, Elia Martell , was the wife of Rhaegar Targaryen and she and her children were raped and murdered by Tywin Lannister 's troops when they sacked King's Landing. Oberyn holds Tywin personally responsible and is in the capital intent on taking revenge on the Lannisters. Lord Tywin subsequently meets with Oberyn in private, and tells him that he wants to ensure that the Martells remain close to the throne, which is still facing numerous threats: the Iron Islands are still in open rebellion to the west, a wildling horde is massing against the Wall to the north, and worst of all, to the east in Slaver's Bay , Daenerys Targaryen possesses three live Dragons and is amassing a large army of her own.
As a sign of good faith, Tywin makes Oberyn one of the three judges at Tyrion's trial. The crown's champion is the fearsome Gregor Clegane, but ultimately Oberyn volunteers to be Tyrion's champion. Oberyn faces off against the massive Gregor in the following trial by combat in front of the gathered royal court. Oberyn uses speed and agility to outmaneuver and subdue Gregor, but is knocked off his feet during an unguarded moment, after which Gregor crushes Oberyn's skull between his bare hands. Prince Doran is escorted back to the Water Gardens by Ellaria and Tyene with whom he reminisces about his late brother and how he was envious of the life he lived.
The conversation is ended when Maester Calleote brings word of Myrcella's murder to the Prince. As Doran dies in a pool of his own blood, helpless as his guards do nothing but watch, Ellaria angrily states that he is weak for not avenging the deaths of his sister or brother and that weak men will never rule Dorne again.
Immediately following this in the harbor at King's Landing, Trystane is killed by Obara and Nymeria who had sneaked aboard the ship.
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With their deaths, House Martell becomes legally extinct. Later, Ellaria and the Sand Snakes meet with Olenna Tyrell to persuade her to join the forces of House Tyrell with Dorne, to exact vengeance for the deaths of various members of both House Martell and Tyrell. It is revealed that Ellaria, after hearing of Daenerys Targaryen's recent alliance with Yara and Theon Greyjoy , has aligned Dorne and the forces of the now-extinct House Martell with Daenerys in support of a Targaryen restoration, with the appearance of Varys offering the Targaryen words of "Fire and Blood.
In Daenerys's invasion fleet, some ships can be seen bearing the sun-and-spear sigil of House Martell, although legally extinct, but instead representing Dorne as a whole alongside Tyrell, Greyjoy, and Daenerys's own Targaryen ships. This takes place as Dorne pledges their allegiance to House Targaryen, and sets sail with the other Targaryen allies to exact revenge against House Lannister for the deaths of Elia and Oberyn Martell, and to restore the Targaryen Dynasty to the Iron Throne.
Ellaria and the oldest three Sand Snakes arrive at Dragonstone and hold council with Daenerys and her court, where a plan is laid out on how best to deal with Cersei and her allies. The Martells are taken by Yara and the Ironborn fleet to return to Dorne, where they will gather their armies and prepare to lay seige to King's Landing along with the Tyrell armies. En route, however, the Ironborn ships are attacked by Euron Greyjoy and his new fleet. When Euron's lead ship, Silence , crashes into Yara's flagship, Black Wind , his crew boards her ship and begins fighting.
Tyene and Ellaria Sand are both captured, while Obara and Nymeria are each killed with their own weapons at Euron's own hands. The sisters are attached to the bowsprit of the ship before Silence departs, leaving Black Wind to burn. Ellaria and Tyene are paraded through the streets of King's Landing , where they are jeered and pelted with rotten fruits by the smallfolk. The mother and daughter are brought before Queen Cersei Lannister , who thanks Euron for delivering her "justice".
Later, Cersei takes Ellaria and Tyene to the dungeons beneath the Red Keep and has them gagged and chained up. As punishment for the murder of her daughter Myrcella Baratheon , Cersei kisses Tyene with the Long farewell and forces Ellaria to watch as her daughter succumbs to the poison. Cersei taunts Ellaria that she will spend the rest of her days in the dungeons watching her daughter's corpse rotting.
An unnamed Martell assumes power after the imprisonment of Ellaria Sand and pledged his support to Daenerys. During the War of the Five Kings, the military of Dorne has been left largely untouched, in part due to their isolation from the conflicts of the war, as Dorne is the southernmost kingdom, with the only known Dornish casualties were taken during Ser Jaime Lannister's mission to Dorne to rescue Princess Myrcella Baratheon, which would end at the Confrontation in the Water Gardens.
While planning for the upcoming war, the Dornish and Tyrell armies would lay siege to King's Landing , while the Unsullied would lay siege to Casterly Rock. Dorne also possesses a sizable navy, as ships with the sigil of House Martell compose a part of the Allied Targaryen Fleet on route to Westeros. It is likely, however, that most, if not all, of the Dornish Fleet was destroyed along with Queen Yara Greyjoy's faction of the Iron Fleet on route to Dorne to transport the Dornish army to King's Landing.
After the naval battle and the death and capture of the Sand Snakes and Ellaria Sand, Dorne was left leaderless, and their army has remained in Dorne, effectively knocked out of the war. In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, House Martell does not play a major role in events until the third and fourth books in the series, only being referenced in the first two. House Martell was originally a tiny, obscure noble house of Dorne back when the peninsula was home to numerous small, warring states, approximately one thousand years ago.
The Rhoynar , refugees from a war against Valyria on the eastern continent, fled to Westeros led by their warrior-queen Nymeria, where they made landfall in Dorne and allied with Lord Mors Martell. After a brief war, Mors named himself the ruler of the unified Kingdom of Dorne, adopting the title "Prince" rather than "King" in Rhoynish fashion. As a result, the full name of the family is actually "House Nymeros Martell", with "Nymeros" signifying "of Nymeria". For example, Oberyn's full name is given as "Oberyn Nymeros Martell". However, even the Martells themselves do not usually use the full name, with the inclusion of "Nymeros", except on very formal occasions.
When Aegon I Targaryen invaded Westeros, he conquered six of the seven kingdoms extant at that time, but the Dornish refused to give open battle where Aegon could destroy them with his dragons , instead resorting to hit-and-run attacks which severely damaged his army through attrition. However, the Dornish once again prevailed and the Martells managed to kill Aegon's wife, Rhaenys, before forcing the Conqueror to agree to peace on their terms.
Aegon never tried conquering Dorne again. A century and a half later, Dorne was briefly occupied by the armies of King Daeron I, but overthrew them in a bloody rebellion. Eventually, roughly a century before the events of the series, Dorne joined the Seven Kingdoms through a peaceful marriage alliance.
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House Martell's motto, "Unbowed, Unbent, Unbroken", directly references the fact that they were never conquered by outsiders. Another major difference is that the rulers of Dorne are styled ruling Princes or ruling Princesses instead of Lords Paramount.
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Her characteristics were later largely absorbed by Isis. She represented the hand, the active part, of the supreme god Atum Ra. Her name means "Foremost of the Fish". She arose from the totemic symbol of the nome province of the region around Mendes, which was a fish. Haurun - A protector god associated with the Great Sphinx of Giza. He was originally a Canaanite god associated with destruction who planted a tree of death.
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When he was brought to Egypt by Canaanite and Syrian workers and merchants, he was transformed into a god of healing. His association with the Sphinx of Giza comes from these foreign workers who believed the Sphinx represented Haurun and built a shrine to their god in front of the statue. He is known as "The Victorious Herdsman" for a popular spell recited in his name for protection before going hunting. Hedetet - Goddess of scorpions and protectress against their venom, an early version of Serket. Heh and Hauhet - God and goddess of infinity and eternity. Heh was depicted as a frog and Hauhet as a serpent.
Their names mean "endlessness" and they were among the original gods of the Ogdoad. Heqet Heket - Goddess of fertility and childbirth, depicted as a frog or a woman with the head of a frog. She was worshipped during the period of the Old Kingdom c. Her nurturing qualities were later absorbed by Isis. Heka - One of the oldest and most important gods in ancient Egypt.
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He was the patron god of magic and medicine but was also the primordial source of power in the universe. He existed before the gods and was present in the act of creation although, in later myths, he is seen as the son of Menhet and Khnum and part of the triad of Latopolis. He is depicted as a man carrying a staff and knife, and physicians were known as Priests of Heka. Magic was an integral part of medical practice in ancient Egypt, and so Heka became an important deity for doctors.
He was said to have killed two serpents and entwined them on a staff as a symbol of his power; this image borrowed from the Sumerians , actually was passed on to the Greeks who associated it with their god Hermes and called it the caduceus. In the modern day, the caduceus is frequently confused with the Rod of Asclepius in iconography related to the medical profession. Heryshaf - A fertility god depicted as a man with the head of a ram.
He is an ancient god going back to the Early Dynastic Period c. He was later associated with Atum Ra and Osiris who absorbed his qualities. Heset - Goddess of food and drink associated with beer and enjoyment. She was an early goddess of Egypt depicted as a cow with a tray of food on her horns and milk flowing freely from her udders. Beer was referred to as "the milk of Heset".
She was later absorbed into Hathor. She was part of the Triad of Heliopolis along with Mnevis and Anubis. Hetepes-Sekhus - A personification of the Eye or Ra who appears as a cobra goddess in the afterlife and destroys the enemies of Osiris. She is depicted in the company of crocodiles. Horus - An early avian god who became one of the most important deities in ancient Egypt. Associated with the sun, sky, and power, Horus became linked with the king of Egypt as early as the First Dynasty c. Although the name 'Horus' might refer to a number of avian deities it principally designates two: Horus the Elder, one of the first five gods born at the beginning of creation, and Horus the Younger who was the son of Osiris and Isis.
Following the rise in popularity of the Osiris Myth, Horus the Younger became one of the most important gods in Egypt. In the story, after Osiris is murdered by his brother Set, Horus is raised by his mother in the Delta swamps.